The process of regional and internal consolidation of the Western Balkans countries is unfinished and the legacy of conflict is still powerful, yet the outlook of EU accession is the one positive project offering a perspective to societies and economies while settling the wounds of the past. This paper attempts to make proposals to change the current direction of trends with the aim of opening up space for problem-solving and eventually putting EU enlargement back on track for transformational success it has had in the past.
In 2020, a number of international conferences and talks marking the 25th anniversary of the Dayton Accords brought the country back into the international spotlight. On this occasion, the Heinrich Böll Foundation's office in Sarajevo captured numerous voices on how to deal with the dysfunctional system.
Recent developments in Southeastern Europe are diminishing the image of the European Union and its perspective of the region. The long history of the dispute over the history of the region of Macedonia, the identity of ethnic Macedonians and the question of the Macedonian minority in Bulgaria is threatening the EU integration of North Macedonia, but also the entire Western Balkan 6.
“In the midst of the pandemic, Kosovo became a country left with a caretaker government, crippled parliamentary competencies and entered a new political crisis” - An insight into the current situation in Kosovo.
This analytical report presents the results of research of political orientation of political parties and voters in Serbia in the period preceding parliamentary elections held in the spring of 2020. The analysis is based on data gathered through implementation of complex methodology set created by Netherlands based company Kieskompass.
Taking up the challenge of understanding the urban commons in the context of the unique collective experience of Yugoslav real socialism, which attempted to implement an experimental system of self-management on the level of the entire society, represents an attempt to also recognize how this specific context reflects the concept of the new commons: what are the practices and forms of commons that have emerged in resistance to neoliberal capitalism on the periphery, but also - how do these commons communicate with the Yugoslav heritage.
Rarely, if ever, has a genocide been as normalized as the genocide against the Bosniaks. It is a process which began simultaneously with the genocide itself—not only with the expansive cover-up campaign of its perpetrators, but with the rhetorical onslaught of minimization undertaken by the international community.
The problem of civic, legal and political emancipation of Jews in 19th century European societies is one of the critical processes in modern European history. What was the status of Jews in 19th-century Principality of Serbia, and how does it compare to other countries in the broader European perspective? This brochure attempts to provide a concise answer to this question, emphasizing the singular position and role that the citizens of a town in Serbia played in the process of Jewish emancipation at one point in history.
The richness of the multilayered historical reality, the authentic multicultural context of everyday life and the specific regional peculiarities of Albanian-Serbian relations in Kosovo have been unjustly simplified for decades by being reduced to episodes of intense interethnic violence. Even a casual conversation with people from both ethnic communities in Kamenica, Gnjilane, Šilovo and Ranilug reveals a more complex picture of mutual relations. From the perspective of ordinary people, the memory of coexistence and a common life together, mutual respect and tolerance in socialist Yugoslavia and in the aftermath of the 1999 war in Kosovo prevails over the notions about ethnic distrust and ethnically motivated violence.
Twenty years on from the Kosovo War, the collective memory of both parties in the conflict remains burdened by myths and incontestable truths about what actually took place. The process of reconciliation and building longstanding peace is being undermined, primarily, by political elites in both countries, whose populist policies amplify the prejudices between Kosovar Albanians and Serbs. In this issue of Perspectives we aim to highlight the fact that Kosovo is not just a toponym, but a country burdened by its recent violent history, where common people are struggling to rebuild the broken societies that the conflict has left behind.
The RES Law sets the grounds for substantial reforms in the Serbian renewable energy sector and introduces a number of leading-edge solutions to the Serbian and regional electricity markets. The RES Law further aligns Serbian legislation with that of the EU, thus making a significant step towards fulfilling Serbia's commitments under the Energy Community Treaty.
Considering that the system of EU energy regulations is a process of harmonization and balance between scientific, technological and social development related to energy consumption and the fight against climate change, in the Republic of Serbia, the need arose over time to adopt, in accordance with the "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package, a new law that will regulate the field of energy efficiency - the Law on Energy Efficiency and Rational Use of Energy
The Law on Energy has not been significantly changed to date. The enactment of the Law on Amendments to the Law on Energy, which entered into force on 30 April 2021, further regulated energy subsectors such as electricity, renewable energy sources, natural gas, oil and oil derivatives and thermal energy.
After five years of applying the Law on Mining and Geological Explorations, the time has come to amend it in order to enable a more efficient achievement of its goals. Although it does not bring significant innovations in the Serbian energy legislation, its importance lies in the fact that it elaborates and complements the existing legal framework while at the same time further harmonizing it with the relevant EU legislation.
In the landscape of Montenegrin higher education institutions, which are not leading the way in any segment of contemporary education, the lack of transparency is an additional cause for concern, especially taking into account an increasing trend of “raising walls” around universities.
In the region, patriarchal, homophobic and exclusive tendencies are dominating, shaping a climate of intolerance, of exclusion, of the radical negation of all things humane and rational. The consequences are rigid defence mechanisms against progressive and secular approaches. Instead of modernity, instead of establishing welfare for all, the citizens are kept in a perpetual combat zone, from which hundreds of thousands are fleeing – without war – in order to find their happiness in work and life elsewhere, beyond the continuing radicalisation.
The education system in Kosovo has been subject to continuous change during the transition that emerged in the aftermath of the war in 1999. In recent years it has become increasingly evident that although it’s young population, the youngest in Europe, is indeed a great asset to the country, it simultaneously places an extremely heavy burden on both the education system and the labour market in Kosovo.
Universities often teach yesterday’s skills by inertia and their teachers are still compensated generously from the taxpayers’ purse. We live in dynamic times where great syllabi may not be relevant by the time the first graduates that come out of the assembly line. As difficult as it seems, universities should strive to imbue graduates with the skills which will serve them for 40 years of their careers.