HEINRICH BÖLL STIFTUNG BELGRADE

Welcome to the website of the Heinrich Böll Foundation's Office in Belgrade. We are responsible for the Foundation’s work in Serbia, Kosovo and Montenegro. HBS is a German political foundation affiliated to the German Green Party. Fostering democracy and upholding human rights, taking action to prevent the destruction of the global ecosystem, advancing equality between women and men, securing peace through con­flict prevention, and defending the freedom of individuals against excessive state and economic power – these are the objectives that drive the ideas and actions of the Heinrich Böll Foundation. As a think tank for green visions and projects and an international political net­work we work in over 60 countries with currently 32 international offices.

The European Green Deal is an EU sustainable development strategy for the 21st century. The central problem this strategy tackles are the environment and climate change - how to develop the EU's economy without exacerbating climate change. The EU Commission defines it as "a new growth strategy that aims to transform the EU into a fair and prosperous society, with a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy where there are no net emissions of greenhouse gases in 2050 and where economic growth is decoupled from resource use." The Commission also promises to “mainstream sustainability” into all policies, by adopting “a green oath: ‘do no harm.'” In October 2020, on the ocassion of the Berlin Process summit in Sofia, the governments of the Western Balkans 6 committed to the "Green Agenda for the Western Balkans" as a concrete plan to expand the European Green Deals to Southeast Europe.

This dossier comprises texts and analyses which develop some of the most important elements of the European Green Deal in the Western Balkans context.

Western Balkans Strategy Group

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The “Strategy Group for a political, societal and economic European integration of the Western Balkans Six” is a group of legal, historical and political researches from all WB6 countries organized by Heinrich Böll Stiftung’s Belgrade, Sarajevo and Berlin offices. Its aim is to credibly advocate for a more effective European integration of the Balkans in European as well as Balkan capitals.

Publications

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Review of the Law on the Use of Renewable Energy sources

The RES Law sets the grounds for substantial reforms in the Serbian renewable energy sector and introduces a number of leading-edge solutions to the Serbian and regional electricity markets. The RES Law further aligns Serbian legislation with that of the EU, thus making a significant step towards fulfilling Serbia's commitments under the Energy Community Treaty.

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Beyond Non-Papers

The process of regional and internal consolidation of the Western Balkans countries is unfinished and the legacy of conflict is still powerful, yet the outlook of EU accession is the one positive project offering a perspective to societies and economies while settling the wounds of the past. This paper attempts to make proposals to change the current direction of trends with the aim of opening up space for problem-solving and eventually putting EU enlargement back on track for transformational success it has had in the past.

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Review of the Law on Energy Efficiency and Rational use of Energy

Considering that the system of EU energy regulations is a process of harmonization and balance between scientific, technological and social development related to energy consumption and the fight against climate change, in the Republic of Serbia, the need arose over time to adopt, in accordance with the "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package, a new law that will regulate the field of energy efficiency - the Law on Energy Efficiency and Rational Use of Energy

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Review of the Law on Amendments to the Law on Energy

The Law on Energy has not been significantly changed to date. The enactment of the Law on Amendments to the Law on Energy, which entered into force on 30 April 2021, further regulated energy subsectors such as electricity, renewable energy sources, natural gas, oil and oil derivatives and thermal energy.

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Review of the Law on amendments to the Law on Mining and geological Exploration

After five years of applying the Law on Mining and Geological Explorations, the time has come to amend it in order to enable a more efficient achievement of its goals. Although it does not bring significant innovations in the Serbian energy legislation, its importance lies in the fact that it elaborates and complements the existing legal framework while at the same time further harmonizing it with the relevant EU legislation.

All publications

Perspectives Southeast Europe

Our Flagship Publication

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Perspectives - Kosovo 1999-2019: A Hostage Crisis

Twenty years on from the Kosovo War, the collective memory of both parties in the conflict remains burdened by myths and incontestable truths about what actually took place. The process of reconciliation and building longstanding peace is being undermined, primarily, by political elites in both countries, whose populist policies amplify the prejudices between Kosovar Albanians and Serbs. In this issue of Perspectives we aim to highlight the fact that Kosovo is not just a toponym, but a country burdened by its recent violent history, where common people are struggling to rebuild the broken societies that the conflict has left behind.

Perspectives - Stabilocracy and/or Radicalization?

It seems that the expected transition to democracy and free market economy in ‘western Balkans’ has become a never-ending story. Societies are weak, pluralism develops slowly and with great difficulties, political elites still dominate, and economies are still dependent either on political authorities or on international companies. At the same time, we bear witness to authoritarianism, intolerance, more or less constant popular support to the same political leaders or parties who get re-elected in spite of the poor economic and social performance of their respective governments, and the widespread corruption.

All editions of Perspectives

Narratives in the Balkans - In the Combat Zone #6

Open confrontations in the post-Yugoslav wars gave the advocates of ethno-nationalist ideologies (and their users) plenty of experiences or "proof" which "confirmed" all previous fears and concerns: "they" (another ethnic collective) are "out to get us". The wartime period, as well as post-war years,  have been featured by spreading narratives which concretizes the abstract and empty ideology of ethnicity.

Dossiers

Political Climate - Climate Change and Serbia