coalition 27 report 2021 cover
Shadow Report

Progress in Lockdown

Shadow Report on Chapter 27

This is the eighth annual report by Coalition 27, entitled: “Progress in lockdown”. The previous (seventh) edition of the Report was prepared at a time when a state of emergency had been declared in the country due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This edition of the report has been prepared one year later, with no end to the pandemic in sight, but with public life starting to return to normal. The pandemic has marked all aspects of life for the past year, including in the field we are reporting on. The environment has become an issue of widespread interest. On one hand, media outlets across the world have reported that nature is being restored due to decreased traffic and economic activity, i.e., decreased

pollution. On the other hand, in many places, including Serbia, the pandemic has laid bare the fragile state of institutions. Even before the pandemic, many institutions lacked sufficient capacity to function properly, a situation that has only been exacerbated by the pandemic. Over the past year the environment has been pushed even further down the Government’s list of priorities, with public health and the economy their main concerns.

However, public health is fundamentally linked to the environment, and so is economic recovery. The European Union plans to use the post-pandemic economic recovery as a chance to build a new, sustainable economy for the 21st century. Decarbonisation of the economy and environmental protection will be priorities for the European Union in the coming decades. This is one of a multitude of reasons why this and future governments of Serbia should prioritise sustainability. The most important context for any future debate on Chapter 27 is the Green New Deal and the Green Agenda for the Western Balkans, in which the countries of the region, including Serbia, have set ambitious goals for themselves to reform their economies towards sustainability. These reforms encompass areas far wider than Chapter 27, but the concepts of decarbonisation and sustainable development lie at their core. Achieving a green economic recovery is the national goal for the next decade, and we will

continue to follow it closely.

Over the past year, we have witnessed ever-increasing public interest in issues related to the environment and climate change. Protests have continued to demand that better care be taken of nature and natural resources. In spite of this, progress on Chapter 27 has, in many ways, remained in quarantine; that is to say, behind closed doors. Legislative processes, as well as the development of projects with environmental impacts, such as the construction of a tire factory

in Zrenjanin, are still often not transparent, despite extraordinary public interest. The short deadlines for submitting comments, and the almost clandestine publication of the Draft Law on Amendments to the Law on Nature Protection,

are the best recent examples of this practice. A green recovery modelled on the EU’s approach will require not only extensive legislative activity, but also putting to use our society’s full capacity to develop and implement the changes that are coming. For this reason, it is not only proper, but also necessary, that everyone takes part in creating these changes. Citizens have emerged from quarantine – it is time for institutions to do the same.

Product details
Date of Publication
October 2021
Coalition 27
All rights reserved
Table of contents

Introduction 6

Financing in the Field of Environmental Protection

and Climate Change 9

Overview 10

References 11

Horizontal Legislation 13

Overview 14

Strategic and Legislative Framework 15

The Implementation of Regulations 18

Financing 24

Recommendations 25

References 27

Air Quality 31

Overview 32

Strategic and Legislative Framework 34

The Implementation of Regulations 36

Financing 42

Recommendations 44

References 46

Waste Management 49

Overview 50

Strategic and Legislative Framework 53

The Implementation of Regulations 56

Financing 63

Recommendations 64

References 68

Water Quality 73

Overview 74

Strategic and Legislative Framework 75

The Implementation of Regulations 76

Financing 80

Recommendations 81

References 84

Nature Protection 87

Overview 88

Strategic and Legislative Framework 89

The Implementation of Regulations 92

Financing 96

Recommendations 97

References 101

Chemicals Management 105

Overview 106

Strategic and Legislative Framework 109

The Implementation of Regulations 113

Financing 124

Recommendations 126

References 129

Noise 131

Overview 132

Strategic and Legislative Framework 133

The Implementation of Regulations 134

Financing 135

Recommendations 136

References 138

Climate Change 141

Overview 142

Strategic and Legislative Framework 143

The Implementation of Regulations 149

Financing 150

Recommendations 152

References 155

Forestry 157

Overview 158

Strategic and Legislative Framework 159

The Implementation of Regulations 161

Financing 164

Recommendations 165

References 167

Appendices 169

Appendix I 170

Appendix II 174

Appendix III 208