WB6 SG

Western Balkan 6 Strategy Group - for an effective EU-enlargement policy

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The recent failure of the EU Council to agree on the opening of membership negotiations with
North Macedonia and Albania seriously damaged the EU’s credibility as an advocate for reform and
transition.

Rather than discussing alternative frameworks, the enlargement policy is in need of new impetus
to strengthen its effectiveness and credibility.

This paper brings into focus three separate, but interrelated issues that will be decisive for the success
of Croatia and Germany’s subsequent EU presidencies in the WB countries:
a) The way the EU manages to keep positive reform momentum after the negative decision on
North Macedonia and Albania of October 2019;
b) The way the EU handles its facilitation role in the Serbia-Kosovo “normalization process”;
c) The way Croatia behaves towards its immediate neighbour Bosnia-Herzegovina;

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The EU Presidencies of Croatia and Germany 2020:
Some important “Do’s” and “Don’ts” regarding the Western Balkan --- 2
1. After the October decision on North Macedonia and Albania:
How to keep momentum? --- 3
Recommendations for North Macedonia, Albania and WB region --- 4
2. Serbia and Kosovo:
Realistic steps towards normalisation instead of quick fixes --- 6
Recommendations for Serbia and Kosovo --- 7
3. Croatia’s EU presidency:
A particular challenge and responsibility --- 8
Recommendations --- 9