Chapter 27 in Serbia: No-Progress Report

Chapter 27 in Serbia: No-Progress Report

May 30, 2018 by Coalition 27
Coalition 27
Place of Publication: Belgrade
Date of Publication: May 2018
Number of Pages: 111
License: All rights reserved.
Language of Publication: English

The report Chapter 27 in Serbia: No-Progress Report is the fifth annual Report of Coalition 27, following the publication of the annual report of the European Commission. Given that there was a change in the dynamics of the European Commission reporting, Coalition 27 published a report in 2017 in a shorter form. The No-Progress Report deals with topics from the period covered by the previous report in more details, with the addition of new developments which took place until late February 2018.

The most significant change in the previous period was the establishment of the Ministry of Environmental Protection. The establishment of the Ministry has finally created the conditions for the environmental protection to stop being second to other sectors. Today, eight months after the establishment of the Ministry, some progress has been seen, but the impression is that concrete results are missing and there is room for improvement.

The second big event is the adoption of the EU Enlargement Strategy for the Western Balkans1. It is indicative that Chapter 27 has not been mentioned in the Strategy at all, while the environment has been briefly mentioned in several places. For this reason, we believe that it is the duty of civil society organisations to make additional efforts in order to position this topic at the list of priorities due to its importance.

The exact date for the opening of Negotiating Chapter 27 is still unknown, and the process of preparing the negotiating position of the Republic of Serbia is taking place with the limited participation of stakeholders (civil society organisations, academic and professional community). According to the announcement of the Minister of Environmental Protection, the negotiating position should be written by the end of June 2018, and the Minister indicated that the opening of Chapter 27 could be possible at that time. The harmonisation with the EU acquis covered by this chapter will enable reaching a significantly higher level of environmental protection and the fight against the consequences of new climate conditions, and it demands a full commitment of the Government.

Coalition 27 was established by civil society organisations in 2014 primarily to monitor and contribute to the negotiations in Chapter 27. The report was prepared by eleven member organisations of Coalition 27: Belgrade Open School, The Bird Study and Protection Society of Serbia, Centre for Ecology and Sustainable Development, Climate Action Network Europe, Environment Engineering Group, Environment Improvement Centre, GM Optimist, One Degree Serbia, Safer Chemicals Alternative, Young Researchers of Serbia and the World Organization for Nature (WWF).

The report covers ten thematic areas: horizontal legislation, air quality, waste management, water quality, nature protection, industrial pollution and risk management, chemicals management, noise and climate change. Given that forestry has a significant impact on a lot of areas in the environment (nature protection, climate change, etc.), we have decided to give an overview of this area in this report. The report does not deal with civil protection issues. In each thematic area, we considered the development of events in policy and legislation, the implementation of regulations, financing, and recommendations are given to improve the process. We have especially highlighted and addressed general trends in financing in the areas of environment and climate change.

 

Table of contents:

IMPRESSUM 4
INTRODUCTION 8
FINANCING IN THE FIELD OF ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE 10
01. HORIZONTAL LEGISLATION 13
 - OVERVIEW 13
 - LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK 13
 - IMPLEMENTATION OF LEGISLATION 16
 - FINANCING 18
 - RECOMMENDATIONS 19
02. AIR QUALITY 21
 - OVERVIEW 21
 - LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK 22
 - IMPLEMENTATION OF LEGISLATION 23
 - FINANCING 26
 - RECOMMENDATIONS 26
03. WASTE MANAGEMENT 28
 - OVERVIEW 28
 - LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK 31
 - IMPLEMENTATION OF LEGISLATION 33
 - FINANCING 36
 - RECOMMENDATIONS 36
04. WATER QUALITY 39
 - OVERVIEW 39
 - LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK 39
 - IMPLEMENTATION OF LEGISLATION 40
 - FINANCING 42
 - RECOMMENDATIONS 43
05. NATURE PROTECTION 46
 - OVERVIEW 46
 - LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK 46
 - IMPLEMENTATION OF LEGISLATION 49
 - FINANCING 50
 - RECOMMENDATIONS 51
06. INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION AND RISK MANAGEMENT 54
 - OVERVIEW  54
 - LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK 54
 - IMPLEMENTATION OF LEGISLATION 55
 - FINANCING 57
 - RECOMMENDATIONS 57
07. CHEMICALS MANAGEMENT 58
 - OVERVIEW  58
 - LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK 58
 - IMPLEMENTATION OF LEGISLATION 61
 - FINANCING 65
 - RECOMMENDATIONS 66
08. NOISE 68
 - OVERVIEW   68
 - LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK 68
 - IMPLEMENTATION OF LEGISLATION 68
 - FINANCING 69
 - RECOMMENDATIONS 69
09. CLIMATE CHANGE 70
 - OVERVIEW   70
 - LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK 70
 - IMPLEMENTATION OF LEGISLATION 72
 - FINANCING 72
 - RECOMMENDATIONS 73
10. FORESTRY 75
 - OVERVIEW   75
 - LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK 75
 - IMPLEMENTATION OF LEGISLATION 76
 - FINANCING 77
 - RECOMMENDATIONS  78
REFERENCES 80
Annex 1. Comparative Table of Recommendations 2017-2018  82
Annex 2. Methodology and list of the Authors (Organizations) 104